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              北方飲用水湖泊溶解有機碳對降水事件的變化響應
              【发布时间:2019-07-21 】 【 】【打印】【關閉
              Warner, Kate A.; Saros, Jasmine E.
              In boreal regions, increased concentrations of dissolved organic carbon (DOC) have been linked to extreme wet years; however, less is known about the extent to which precipitation events are altering DOC concentration and quality. We assessed the effects of rain events on a suite of six lakes in Maine, U.S.A., to better understand how events alter DOC quantity and quality. DOC concentrations and DOC quality (measured as DOC-specific absorption coefficients (Specific Ultraviolet Absorbance (SUVA(254) (also a(254)*). a(320)*, and a(380)*)) were quantified 24 h before, and at three time points (24-48 h, 5-7 days, and 3 weeks) after five different precipitation events. Our results revealed three types of responses across the lakes: (1) an initial spike in DOC concentrations of 30-133% and in the three quality metrics of 20-86% compared to pre-storm levels, followed by return to pre-storm concentrations; (2) a sustained increase in DOC concentrations (by 4-23%) and an increase in the three DOC quality metrics (by 1-43%) through the second post-storm sampling, with concentrations falling by the third post-storm sampling compared to pre-storm levels; and (3) no change during all sampling periods. Lake residence time was a key driver of changes in DOC concentration and DOC quality in response to storm events. Our research provides evidence that precipitation events contribute to short-term abrupt changes in DOC quantity and quality that are largely driven by key landscape and lake characteristics. These changes in DOC may have important implications for management of water utilities, including alteration or implementation of treatment strategies.
              (来源:WATER RESEARCH, 2019, 156:315-326)
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